Officers came from teaching staff and selected cadets were made "Cadet Lieutenants".In 1939, the outbreak of World War II caused the Regimental Detachments to be disbanded as staff were needed to train soldiers for overseas service.
It differs from Scouts Australia and other youth exploration groups as its main focus is that of learning and using military and leadership skills.
An embryonic corps was founded by Newington College when a drill master was appointed to staff in 1865.
Two years later, a sergeant-major was appointed and muskets and carbines were purchased and an armoury and gunpowder store were opened at Newington College.
More than 2000 cadets representing the units of 41 state schools, 11 independent or private schools and one catholic school were inspected by the Governor.
In 1910, the universal training scheme was introduced.